Genetically Modified Food: Pros and Cons

A lot of what we eat on a daily basis is genetically modified food. Still, we don't tend to realize it since this information more often than not isn't labeled.
Genetically Modified Food: Pros and Cons

Last update: 10 February, 2019

Genetically modified food, or genetically modified organisms (GMOs), is food whose genes have been modified. On the surface, they look the same as organic or regular crops, but they are, in fact different. Indeed, inside of them, a specific gene from another species was added or removed for a certain aim. Find out more about genetically modified food below.

Pros of genetically modified food

GMOs are subject to constant monitoring and analysis using very rigorous and exhaustive processes. The controls in place are even superior to those used for regular food.

Experts agree that there is no reason to believe that GMOs can be harmful to your health.

Scientists modify food’s genes to improve it by optimizing their properties. As such, they make them healthier and more nutritious. For example, this process can result in more protein and less fat. Also, it can give us fruits with more vitamins, as well as cereals and veggies with more fiber and minerals.

What’s more, scientists have found ways to make plant crops more resistant. As a result, they’re easier to cultivate and don’t depend as much on the weather or even pests. Another advantage that GMO advocates point to is a lowered dependence on pesticides.

Indeed, modifying food makes it less susceptible to harmful factors. It can also eliminate the most common allergens. The latter is relative since allergies don’t depend so much on substances but on a person’s reaction.

Woman looking at junk and healthy food

Cons of GMOs

Scientists can modify GMOs to make them look more appealing. Still, their benefits remain the same or can even take a hit.

They may also harm the biodiversity that we have today and make it a thing of the past. This is because we may end up growing a single variety of apple. In other words, the easiest to grow would become the most profitable.

GMOs can affect others that are not genetically modified, destroying organic and regular crops. They may also disrupt the environment and even destroy weaker plant species.

Farmers cultivate food and take care of their products with great dedication. On the other hand, GMO seeds are in the hands of huge multinational companies.

Further, some reports suggest that there may be a link between GMOs and the rise in food allergies and intolerances. What’s more, researchers are looking into if they could be the cause of antibiotic resistance.

Genetically modified food apples and nuts

The bottom line

Finally, the World Health Organization (WHO) insists GMOs don’t pose a danger to human health. Still, they do go on to say that scientists should analyze each food one by one.

Also, there are rigorous controls in place before they arrive at any market. What’s more, there are no studies that confirm a negative health impact.

Even so, as we’ve mentioned, some reports suggest they may be responsible for the increase in cases of food allergies and intolerances. Further research is looking into whether GMOs can be linked to antibiotic resistance.

There may also be a link between a delay in the growth of our immune systems. Indeed, this would be important in children.

In conclusion, you can keep eating GMOs since it offers us many benefits. Until there’s scientific evidence of their alleged risks, there’s no reason to stop eating them.

All cited sources were thoroughly reviewed by our team to ensure their quality, reliability, currency, and validity. The bibliography of this article was considered reliable and of academic or scientific accuracy.

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  • Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Respuestas de la OMS sobre los alimentos genéticamente modificados. Centro de Prensa.
  • Parra Fernández, R. (2017). Transgénicos: Lo que son y las sinrazones de la polémica sobre ellos.
  • Uceda, V., & Joel, N. (2020). La regulación normativa de productos no empaquetados de origen transgénico de consumo humano como transgresión al derecho de información al consumidor en la provincia de Chiclayo. Universidad Señor de Sipán.

This text is provided for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation with a professional. If in doubt, consult your specialist.