Can You Lose Fat in Just One Part of The Body?

31 August, 2020
Are analytical exercises aimed at zones with the most fat deposits effective? Here we'll tell you what the science says!
 

Due to genetic factors, people tend to accumulate fat in certain areas of their body. For this reason, people sometimes want to know if they can lose fat in one specific area of the body. However, is this even really possible? Or are we wasting our time and effort on something that won’t really work?

Normally, women tend to get the largest fat deposits around their hips and thighs. This is sometimes referred to as being “pear-shaped.” On the other hand, men tend to store fat in their abdomens. This type of fat accumulation is known as “apple-shaped.”

Because of the fat accumulation in specific zones, it’s common that those with more fatty tissue around their hips or thighs will do hundreds of glute exercises. These are usually abductors and adductors, with the hopes of burning the fat in these areas.

Similarly, it shouldn’t surprise you to see people doing hundreds of abdominal exercises with the hope of obtaining the famous six-pack. Now, what do the experts have to say about this?

Do analytical exercises work to lose fat?

Marketing and certain information shared on social media networks would lead you to believe that losing fat in a specific zone of the body is possible. However, it’s important to know that the scientific literature doesn’t corroborate this information in the same way. 

Lose fat: studies for localized fat loss

One published study had subjects participate in an abdominal training program over a period of six weeks. The goal was to investigate the effect on the fat specific to this area of the body. The study concluded that doing these exercises alone isn’t enough to reduce subcutaneous abdominal fat. However, muscular resistance in the participants did improve.

 
Abdominal bicycles

It’s worth noting that if you incorporate exercises directed at the abdominal region into your routine, the muscle mass of the abdomen will increase. This can sometimes give the impression that the “apple” we previously mentioned is even larger.

In this case, this increase in volume wouldn’t be considered negative. However, if you want to define your abdominals, its recommended to combine these exercises with some other type of training, and, of course, a healthy diet. 

Similarly, in a study analyzing the loss of subcutaneous fat accumulated in the triceps zone, analytical exercises also didn’t produce significant results. It’s important to note that this study is fairly old.

Studies that endorse losing localized fat

Just as in many other areas, there are studies with opposing results when it comes to losing localized fat. Because of this, we need to mention the study carried out by Scotto di Palumbo Guerra, Orlandi, Bazzucchi, Sacchetti (2017).

In this study, researchers analyzed the effect of a training program that involved localized explosive resistance exercises. These were done before normal resistance exercises. The study concluded that the loss of fat located in the superior and inferior extremities is possible. However, they didn’t observe significant results.

 

Fat loss in one part of the body: yes or no?

Considering the scientific literature up until this moment, doing exercises in a localized way in an effort to burn the fat in this area doesn’t seem to be effective.

Burning fat around your waist

Recommendations for fat burning

First of all, if your goal is to reduce your levels of body fat, a healthy diet with a balanced energy intake is of utmost importance. 

On the other hand, combining strength training exercises with cardiovascular exercises can be a great strategy to lose fat. Strength training will increase the metabolism, while cardiovascular exercises will burn a large portion of the fat energies.

To conclude, there isn’t enough scientific evidence out there to demonstrate that exercises can burn localized fat. Therefore, it’s recommended to use the other methods that we’ve mentioned. A healthy diet and general strength and cardio training can go a long way. These have been scientifically proven, and under the advice of a professional, are beneficial.

  • di Palumbo Scotto, A., Guerra, E., Orlandi, C., Bazzucchi, I., & Sacchetti, M. (2017). Effect of combined resistance and endurance exercise training on regional fat loss. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 57(6), 794-801.
  • Roby, F. B. (1962). Effect of exercise on regional subcutaneous fat accumulations. Research Quarterly. American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 33(2), 273-278.
  • Vispute, S. S., Smith, J. D., LeCheminant, J. D., & Hurley, K. S. (2011). The effect of abdominal exercise on abdominal fat. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2559-2564.