Risks of Training Too Much
One of the many risks we face when exercising is falling into the trap of training too much. This is something that can damage our objectives, our health, and our physical and mental wellbeing.
Being motivated is a fundamental trait that every athlete with hopes to improve should have. However, it can also backfire. If we rush our training and spend the time that should be spent resting to train, we may suffer some of the risks of training too much.
Why is it necessary to moderate our training periods? Due to the fact that when we train, certain phenomena happen within the body, and to ensure these are positive, we must allow for a period of rest. The more demanding and rewarding the exercise has been, the more important it is to rest.
For example, when training in a gym, we break the muscle fibers and tissues. Later, as a reaction to this process, we experience a cycle of recuperation that promotes growth.
Symptoms that can suggest you’re training too much
- Exhaustion or fatigue: a direct consequence of a lack of rest between training sessions.
- Unmotivated and lack of concentration: doing something repeatedly, especially something that requires effort, can weigh on us mentally. As such, it’s normal for us to find ourselves unable to concentrate or struggling to focus.
- A drop in performance: as a consequence of the two previous points, our levels of performance won’t be the same if we train too much.
- Problems sleeping: have you ever been unable to sleep because you’re too tired? Although it seems contradictory, overtraining may cause us to struggle to sleep.
- Bone diseases: training too much lowers the levels of estrogen in our bodies, which can affect our bones and joints due to osteoporosis. This can also cause hormonal changes, which in extreme cases may stop the menstruation cycle.
In addition to the above symptoms. there are some that develop more frequently; training too much can lead us to lose too much weight, suffer a lack of appetite, anxiety, and even depression. Likewise, it can affect the immune system and this then makes it easier to develop illnesses and injuries.
Advice on how to avoid the risks of training too much
It’s important to increase the weight you work with gradually and don’t try to surpass the limits of your body. Also, it’s advisable that your training routine is based on a combined style of training; have some days of intense training mixed with days where you use more moderate exercises.
Follow a healthy diet that reflects your type of training
When talking about training, diet, as it always does, plays an essential part in our lives. It’s important we provide the body with the necessary fuel it needs to replace lost energy, as well as offering it the tools to reconstruct muscles and tissues.
Training too much can cause your body to produce an elevated level of cortisol, a hormone generated by the suprarenal glands in situations of stress or pressure.
Cortisol’s function is to ensure the mind and muscles respond in intense moments; it burns greater levels of energy and body fat. The bad part is that if you continuously produce cortisol, it can lead to muscular disintegration that puts you at risk of exhaustion or suffering an injury.
Knowing when to stop
If you’ve felt any of the symptoms mentioned above or you feel you can’t keep up with your training routine, you should stop to avoid injuries. Reduce the frequency, duration, and intensity of your training to avoid overtraining.
Training too much and the consequences are common in those that are new to training. Normally, the thirst for improving can lead you to forget your own limits, which is where problems arise.
Overall, you must remember that the risks of training too much aren’t exclusive to one specific sport nor to just professional athletes. It can happen to anyone, of course, taking into consideration the potential, and physical condition of each individual.
As such, it’s important to train moderately and continue increasing the amount of weight you train with and your objectives progressively. In addition to looking after our bodies, we have to help our minds keep motivated and satisfied with our realistic and short-term achievements.